- 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
- 1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughan, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
- 1927 – Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
- 1938 – The animated cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny).
- 1957 - Elvis Presley records 'Jailhouse Rock'
- 1973 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aides H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman and others have resigned.
- 1982 - Author, musician, and Rolling Stone, Creem and The Village Voice critic and journalist Lester Bangs died of a heart attack, aged 33.
- 1983 - Died: American Blues legend Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield).
- 1953 – The first U.S. experimental 3D television broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
- 1967 – After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.
- 1967 - The 14 hour Technicolour Dream benefit party for The International Times, with Yoko Ono, The Flies, Pink Floyd, Arthur Brown, The Move and Suzie Creamcheese. and attended by john Lennon, was held at Alexandra Palace in London.
- 1968 - Opened on Broadway: The musical 'Hair' at the Biltmore Theatre in New York City.
- 1974 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings relating to the scandal.
- 1976 - After a gig in Memphis, Bruce Springsteen took a cab to Elvis Presley's Graceland home and proceeded to climb over the wall in an unsuccessful attempt to meet the “King.”
- 1992 – Los Angeles riots: Riots in Los Angeles, California, following the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.
- 1993 - Bowie, Ian Hunter, and Rolling Thunder Revue guitarist and producer Mick Ronson died of liver cancer aged 46.
- 2004 – Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.
- 2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
- 1948 – Igor Stravinsky conducted the premier of his American ballet, Orpheus, in New York City at New York City Center.
- 1810 – Beethoven composes Für Elise.
- 1974 – Ten thousand march in Washington, D.C., calling for the impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon.
- 1981 - Married: Ringo Starr and Barbara Bach.
- 1965 – A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario is shut down by police after 15 minutes due to rioting.
- 1978 - A TV special, Ringo, a musical version of The Prince and the Pauper with Ringo Starr playing Rrats Ognir, aired on American television.
- 1988 – In Israel, John Demjanuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
- 1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".
- 1907 – Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.
- 1913 – The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened.
- 1975 - Badfinger's Peter Ham committed suicide by hanging himself in his Surrey home, aged 27.
- 1976 - Debut LP by the, The Ramones released on Sire Records.
- 1978 - For the Sex Pistols' film 'The Great Rock n Roll Swindle,’Sid Vicious filmed his version of 'My Way'
- 1985 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than three months.
- 1991 - Johnny Thunders (John Anthony Genzale, Jr) of the New York Dolls died of a drug overdose.
- 1876 – The first ever National League baseball game is played in Philadelphia.
- 1957 - Elvis Presley had his custom built 'Music Gates' installed at Graceland.
- 1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season.
- 1969 - John Lennon changed his middle name from Winston to Ono, in a ceremony on the roof of the Apple building in London, .
- 1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated.
- 1977 - The Jam released their debut single, 'In The City.’
- 2013 - Died: Richie Havens, aged 72
- 1965 – The 1964–1965 New York World's Fair opens for its second and final season.
- 1978 - UK folk singer Sandy Denny died aged 31.
- 1993 - Former Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman married for the third time, this time to 33-year-old fashion designer Suzanne Accosta.
- 1939 – Billie Holiday records the first civil rights song "Strange Fruit".
- 1986 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz performs in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years.
- 2014 - Rubin "Hurricane" carter died of prostate cancer. He was 76.
- 1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco.
- 1980 - Brian Johnson joined AC/DC
- 1987 – The Simpsons premieres as a short cartoon on The Tracey Ullman Show.
- 1988 - Sonny Bono was inaugurated as the Mayor of Palm Springs.
- 1775 – American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements.
- 1981 – The longest professional baseball game is begun in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game is suspended at 4:00 the next morning and finally completed on June 23.
- 2013 - Died: Album cover artist Storm Thorgerson, died aged 69.
- 1960 - Killed: 21-year-old US singer Eddie Cochran while touring the UK. The taxi in which he was traveling in crashed into a lamppost.
- 1964 – Ford Mustang is introduced to the North American market.
- 1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Robert F. Kennedy.
- 1970, -While performing at the White House at the invitation of President Richard Nixon, Johnny Cash sang his No.1 hit, 'A Boy Named Sue.’ He was asked to perform "Okie From Muskogee,” but Cash declined because it was not his song.
- 1973 – George Lucas begins writing the treatment for The Star Wars.
- 1983 - Producer and member of the band Mountain, Felix Pappalardi, was shot dead by his wife Gail Collins during a jealous rage.
- 1991 - Live debut of “Smells Like Tenn Spirit” when Nirvana appeared at the OK Hotel in Seattle.
- 1998 - Died: Linda (Eastman) McCartney, after a long battle against cancer.
- 2008 - Died: Danny Federici of the E Street Band, of cancer at the age of 58.
- 1941 – Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians throws the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1–0.
- 1956 - The first single by Buddy Holly, ‘Blue Days, Black Nights,’ was released.
- 1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.
- 1964 - The Rolling Stones debut album was released in the UK.
- 1969 - Detroit’s MC5 were dropped from Elektra Records after the band took out an advertisement in a local paper that included the company logo and said; "F*ck Hudsons." The band were protesting at the Michigan department store's refusal to stock their albums.
- 1920 – Two security guards are murdered during a robbery in South Braintree, Massachusetts. Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti would be convicted of and executed for the crime, amid much controversy.
- 1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
- 1945 – The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.
- 1947 – Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking baseball's color line.
- 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary.
- 1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot in Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth (died April 15th).
- 1939 – The Grapes of Wrath, by American author John Steinbeck is first published by the Viking Press.
- 1796 – The first elephant ever seen in the United States arrives from India.
- 1965 - The Beatles recorded the song 'Help!'
- 1954 - Bill Haley & The Comets recorded 'Rock Around The Clock' at Pythian Temple studios in New York City.
- 1963 - Bob Dylan performed his first major solo concert at the Town Hall in New York City.
- 1909 – The city of Tel Aviv is founded.
- 1961 - Bob Dylan played his first live gig in New York City at Gerde's Folk City, opening for John Lee Hooker.
- 1964 - New chart record: The Beatles with 14 songs on the Billboard Hot 100.
- 1966 - Live debut for the Buffalo Springfield at The Troubadour in Hollywood, California.
- 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
- 1981 - Eddie Van Halen married actress Valerie Bertinelli
- 1912 – The Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her only voyage.
- 1962 - Former bass player for the Beatles, Stuart Sutcliff, died.
- 1953 – Warner Bros. premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax.
- 1958 - Singer Chuck Willis (“Hang Up My Rock and Roll Shoes”)was killed in a car accident aged 30.
- 1967 - Marvin Gaye recorded his version of 'I Heard It Through The Grapevine.’
- 1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons: “I have no future plans to record or appear with The Beatles again, or to write any music with John.”
- 1965 – Astrodome opens. First indoor baseball game is played.
- 1976 - Phil Ochs commits suicide. He hung himself at his sister's home in Queens, New York.
- 1820 – The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
- 1967 - John Lennon took his Rolls Royce to coachbuilders J.P. Fallon, Ltd., in Surrey, to inquire if they could paint his car in psychedelic colors.
- 1967 – Film critic Roger Ebert published his very first film review in the Chicago Sun-Times.
- 1956 - Elvis Presley signed a seven-year contract with Paramount Pictures.
- 1968 - Pink Floyd announced its founder, Roger “Syd” Barrett, had officially left the group.
- 1971, The Rolling Stones launched their own 'Rolling Stones Records' record label.
- 1974 – The Swedish pop band ABBA wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 with the song "Waterloo", launching their international career.
- 1955 - Ray Charles married Della Beatrice Howard Robinson, his second wife.
- 1980 - R.E.M.’s played their first ever gig
- 1994 – American musician Kurt Cobain commits suicide.
- 1960 - RCA Victor Records was the first record company to announce it would be release all Pop singles in mono and stereo simultaneously.
- 1964 – The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart.
- 1948 – PresidentHarry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
- 1956 - Elvis Presley appeared on ABC-TV's 'The Milton Berle Show'.
- 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech.
- 1969 - The Doors' Jim Morrison turned himself in to the FBI in Los Angeles.
- 1792 – The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.
- 1800 – Ludwig van Beethoven leads the premiere of his First Symphony in Vienna.
- 1965 - Premiere of the music show 'Ready Steady Goes Live!' was shown on UK TV, featuring presenters Cathy McGowan and Keith Fordyce.
- 1972 – Actor Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States for the first time since being labeled a communist during the Red Scare in the early 1950s.
- 1955 - Promoted: George Martin became the head of A&R for EMI's Parlophone label.
- 1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States, starting on January 1, 1971.
- 1976 – Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne.
- 1984 - Marvin Gaye was shot dead by his father
- 2001 – Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, the first country to allow it.